Cara Setting GeoIP dengan Nginx di Ubuntu 16.04 (VPS DigitalOcean)

Cek apakah Nginx sudah support geoip

nginx -V

Hasilnya kurang lebih:

root@server1:~# nginx -V
nginx version: nginx/1.10.0 (Ubuntu)
built with OpenSSL 1.0.2g-fips 1 Mar 2016
TLS SNI support enabled
configure arguments: –with-cc-opt=’-g -O2 -fPIE -fstack-protector-strong -Wformat -Werror=format-security -Wdate-time -D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=2′ –with-ld-opt=’-Wl,-Bsymbolic-functions -fPIE -pie -Wl,-z,relro -Wl,-z,now’ –prefix=/usr/share/nginx –conf-path=/etc/nginx/nginx.conf –http-log-path=/var/log/nginx/access.log –error-log-path=/var/log/nginx/error.log –lock-path=/var/lock/nginx.lock –pid-path=/run/nginx.pid –http-client-body-temp-path=/var/lib/nginx/body –http-fastcgi-temp-path=/var/lib/nginx/fastcgi –http-proxy-temp-path=/var/lib/nginx/proxy –http-scgi-temp-path=/var/lib/nginx/scgi –http-uwsgi-temp-path=/var/lib/nginx/uwsgi –with-debug –with-pcre-jit –with-ipv6 –with-http_ssl_module –with-http_stub_status_module –with-http_realip_module –with-http_auth_request_module –with-http_addition_module –with-http_dav_module –with-http_geoip_module –with-http_gunzip_module –with-http_gzip_static_module –with-http_image_filter_module –with-http_v2_module –with-http_sub_module –with-http_xslt_module –with-stream –with-stream_ssl_module –with-mail –with-mail_ssl_module –with-threads

Jika ada bagian seperti yang berwarna merah berarti sudah support geoip, lanjutkan..

Download GeoIP database

mkdir /etc/nginx/geoip
cd /etc/nginx/geoip
wget http://geolite.maxmind.com/download/geoip/database/GeoLiteCountry/GeoIP.dat.gz
gunzip GeoIP.dat.gz
wget http://geolite.maxmind.com/download/geoip/database/GeoLiteCity.dat.gz
gunzip GeoLiteCity.dat.gz

Setting Nginx

nano /etc/nginx/nginx.conf

Tambahkan code seperti yang di haghlight berikut ini di bagian http {…}

[...]
http {

 ##
 # Basic Settings
 ##

 geoip_country /etc/nginx/geoip/GeoIP.dat; # the country IP database
 geoip_city /etc/nginx/geoip/GeoLiteCity.dat; # the city IP database
[...]

edit fastcgi_params:

nano /etc/nginx/fastcgi_params

Tambahkan kode ini:

### SET GEOIP Variables ###
fastcgi_param GEOIP_COUNTRY_CODE $geoip_country_code;
fastcgi_param GEOIP_COUNTRY_CODE3 $geoip_country_code3;
fastcgi_param GEOIP_COUNTRY_NAME $geoip_country_name;

fastcgi_param GEOIP_CITY_COUNTRY_CODE $geoip_city_country_code;
fastcgi_param GEOIP_CITY_COUNTRY_CODE3 $geoip_city_country_code3;
fastcgi_param GEOIP_CITY_COUNTRY_NAME $geoip_city_country_name;
fastcgi_param GEOIP_REGION $geoip_region;
fastcgi_param GEOIP_CITY $geoip_city;
fastcgi_param GEOIP_POSTAL_CODE $geoip_postal_code;
fastcgi_param GEOIP_CITY_CONTINENT_CODE $geoip_city_continent_code;
fastcgi_param GEOIP_LATITUDE $geoip_latitude;
fastcgi_param GEOIP_LONGITUDE $geoip_longitude;

Edit vhost untuk namadomainkamu:

nano /etc/nginx/sites-available/namadomainkamu

Edit bagian location ~ \.php$ { …. } menjadi seperti ini (lihat bagian yang di highlight):

[...]
location ~ \.php$ {
include /etc/nginx/fastcgi_params;

[...]

Reload Nginx dan restart php-fpm

service nginx reload
service php7.0-fpm restart

GeoIP sudah siap digunakan.

Cara penggunaan dan contoh script test

<html>
<body>
<?php

$geoip_country_code = getenv(GEOIP_COUNTRY_CODE);
/*
$geoip_country_code = $_SERVER['GEOIP_COUNTRY_CODE']; // works as well
*/
$geoip_country_code3 = getenv(GEOIP_COUNTRY_CODE3);
$geoip_country_name = getenv(GEOIP_COUNTRY_NAME);

$geoip_city_country_code = getenv(GEOIP_CITY_COUNTRY_CODE);
$geoip_city_country_code3 = getenv(GEOIP_CITY_COUNTRY_CODE3);
$geoip_city_country_name = getenv(GEOIP_CITY_COUNTRY_NAME);
$geoip_region = getenv(GEOIP_REGION);
$geoip_city = getenv(GEOIP_CITY);
$geoip_postal_code = getenv(GEOIP_POSTAL_CODE);
$geoip_city_continent_code = getenv(GEOIP_CITY_CONTINENT_CODE);
$geoip_latitude = getenv(GEOIP_LATITUDE);
$geoip_longitude = getenv(GEOIP_LONGITUDE);

echo 'country_code: '.$geoip_country_code.'<br>';
echo 'country_code3: '.$geoip_country_code3.'<br>';
echo 'country_name: '.$geoip_country_name.'<br>';

echo 'city_country_code: '.$geoip_city_country_code.'<br>';
echo 'city_country_code3: '.$geoip_city_country_code3.'<br>';
echo 'city_country_name: '.$geoip_city_country_name.'<br>';
echo 'region: '.$geoip_region.'<br>';
echo 'city: '.$geoip_city.'<br>';
echo 'postal_code: '.$geoip_postal_code.'<br>';
echo 'city_continent_code: '.$geoip_city_continent_code.'<br>';
echo 'latitude: '.$geoip_latitude.'<br>';
echo 'longitude: '.$geoip_longitude.'<br>';

?>
</body>
</html>

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